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@capacitor/storage

The Storage API provides a simple key/value persistent store for lightweight data.

Mobile OS’s may periodically clear data set in window.localStorage, so this API should be used instead. This API will fall back to using localStorage when running as a Progressive Web App.

This plugin will use UserDefaults on iOS and SharedPreferences on Android. Stored data is cleared if the app is uninstalled.

Note: This API is not meant to be used as a local database. If your app stores a lot of data, has high read/write load, or requires complex querying, take a look at @capacitor-community/sqlite.

Install

npm install @capacitor/storage
npx cap sync

Example

import { Storage } from '@capacitor/storage';

const setName = () => {
  await Storage.set({
    key: 'name',
    value: 'Max',
  });
};

const checkName = async () => {
  const { value } = await Storage.get({ key: 'name' });

  alert(`Hello ${value}!`);
};

const removeName = async () => {
  await Storage.remove({ key: 'name' });
};

Working with JSON

The Storage API only supports string values. You can, however, use JSON if you JSON.stringify the object before calling set(), then JSON.parse the value returned from get().

This method can also be used to store non-string values, such as numbers and booleans.

API

configure(…)

configure(options: ConfigureOptions) => Promise<void>

Configure the storage plugin at runtime.

Options that are undefined will not be used.

Param Type
options ConfigureOptions

Since: 1.0.0


get(…)

get(options: GetOptions) => Promise<GetResult>

Get the value from storage of a given key.

Param Type
options GetOptions

Returns: Promise<GetResult>

Since: 1.0.0


set(…)

set(options: SetOptions) => Promise<void>

Set the value in storage for a given key.

Param Type
options SetOptions

Since: 1.0.0


remove(…)

remove(options: RemoveOptions) => Promise<void>

Remove the value from storage for a given key, if any.

Param Type
options RemoveOptions

Since: 1.0.0


clear()

clear() => Promise<void>

Clear keys and values from storage.

Since: 1.0.0


keys()

keys() => Promise<KeysResult>

Return the list of known keys in storage.

Returns: Promise<KeysResult>

Since: 1.0.0


migrate()

migrate() => Promise<MigrateResult>

Migrate data from the Capacitor 2 Storage plugin.

This action is non-destructive. It will not remove old data and will only write new data if they key was not already set.

Returns: Promise<MigrateResult>

Since: 1.0.0


Interfaces

ConfigureOptions

Prop Type Description Default Since
group string Set the storage group. Storage groups are used to organize key/value pairs. Using the value ‘NativeStorage’ provides backwards-compatibility with cordova-plugin-nativestorage. WARNING: The clear() method can delete unintended values when using the ‘NativeStorage’ group. CapacitorStorage 1.0.0

GetResult

Prop Type Description Since
value string | null The value from storage associated with the given key. If a value was not previously set or was removed, value will be null. 1.0.0

GetOptions

Prop Type Description Since
key string The key whose value to retrieve from storage. 1.0.0

SetOptions

Prop Type Description Since
key string The key to associate with the value being set in storage. 1.0.0
value string The value to set in storage with the associated key. 1.0.0

RemoveOptions

Prop Type Description Since
key string The key whose value to remove from storage. 1.0.0

KeysResult

Prop Type Description Since
keys string[] The known keys in storage. 1.0.0

MigrateResult

Prop Type Description Since
migrated string[] An array of keys that were migrated. 1.0.0
existing string[] An array of keys that were already migrated or otherwise exist in storage that had a value in the Capacitor 2 Storage plugin. 1.0.0
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