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Version: v4

@capacitor/app

アプリAPIは、ハイレベルなアプリの状態とイベントを処理します。例えば、このAPIは、アプリがフォアグラウンドに入ったり出たりしたときにイベントを発行したり、ディープリンクを処理したり、他のアプリを開いたり、永続化されたプラグインの状態を管理したりします。

Install

npm install @capacitor/app
npx cap sync

iOS

For being able to open the app from a custom scheme you need to register the scheme first. You can do it by editing the Info.plist file and adding this lines.

<key>CFBundleURLTypes</key>
<array>
<dict>
<key>CFBundleURLName</key>
<string>com.getcapacitor.capacitor</string>
<key>CFBundleURLSchemes</key>
<array>
<string>mycustomscheme</string>
</array>
</dict>
</array>

Android

For being able to open the app from a custom scheme you need to register the scheme first. You can do it by adding this lines inside the activity section of the AndroidManifest.xml.

<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.intent.action.VIEW" />
<category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
<category android:name="android.intent.category.BROWSABLE" />
<data android:scheme="@string/custom_url_scheme" />
</intent-filter>

custom_url_scheme value is stored in strings.xml. When the Android platform is added, @capacitor/cli adds the app's package name as default value, but can be replaced by editing the strings.xml file.

Example

import { App } from '@capacitor/app';

App.addListener('appStateChange', ({ isActive }) => {
console.log('App state changed. Is active?', isActive);
});

App.addListener('appUrlOpen', data => {
console.log('App opened with URL:', data);
});

App.addListener('appRestoredResult', data => {
console.log('Restored state:', data);
});

const checkAppLaunchUrl = async () => {
const { url } = await App.getLaunchUrl();

console.log('App opened with URL: ' + url);
};

API

exitApp()

exitApp() => Promise<void>

Force exit the app. This should only be used in conjunction with the backButton handler for Android to exit the app when navigation is complete.

Ionic handles this itself so you shouldn't need to call this if using Ionic.

Since: 1.0.0


getInfo()

getInfo() => Promise<AppInfo>

Return information about the app.

Returns: Promise<AppInfo>

Since: 1.0.0


getState()

getState() => Promise<AppState>

Gets the current app state.

Returns: Promise<AppState>

Since: 1.0.0


getLaunchUrl()

getLaunchUrl() => Promise<AppLaunchUrl | undefined>

Get the URL the app was launched with, if any.

Returns: Promise<AppLaunchUrl>

Since: 1.0.0


minimizeApp()

minimizeApp() => Promise<void>

Minimizes the application.

Only available for Android.

Since: 1.1.0


addListener('appStateChange', ...)

addListener(eventName: 'appStateChange', listenerFunc: StateChangeListener) => Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Listen for changes in the App's active state (whether the app is in the foreground or background)

ParamType
eventName'appStateChange'
listenerFuncStateChangeListener

Returns: Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Since: 1.0.0


addListener('appUrlOpen', ...)

addListener(eventName: 'appUrlOpen', listenerFunc: URLOpenListener) => Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Listen for url open events for the app. This handles both custom URL scheme links as well as URLs your app handles (Universal Links on iOS and App Links on Android)

ParamType
eventName'appUrlOpen'
listenerFuncURLOpenListener

Returns: Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Since: 1.0.0


addListener('appRestoredResult', ...)

addListener(eventName: 'appRestoredResult', listenerFunc: RestoredListener) => Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

If the app was launched with previously persisted plugin call data, such as on Android when an activity returns to an app that was closed, this call will return any data the app was launched with, converted into the form of a result from a plugin call.

On Android, due to memory constraints on low-end devices, it's possible that, if your app launches a new activity, your app will be terminated by the operating system in order to reduce memory consumption.

For example, that means the Camera API, which launches a new Activity to take a photo, may not be able to return data back to your app.

To avoid this, Capacitor stores all restored activity results on launch. You should add a listener for appRestoredResult in order to handle any plugin call results that were delivered when your app was not running.

Once you have that result (if any), you can update the UI to restore a logical experience for the user, such as navigating or selecting the proper tab.

We recommend every Android app using plugins that rely on external Activities (for example, Camera) to have this event and process handled.

ParamType
eventName'appRestoredResult'
listenerFuncRestoredListener

Returns: Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Since: 1.0.0


addListener('backButton', ...)

addListener(eventName: 'backButton', listenerFunc: BackButtonListener) => Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Listen for the hardware back button event (Android only). Listening for this event will disable the default back button behaviour, so you might want to call window.history.back() manually. If you want to close the app, call App.exitApp().

ParamType
eventName'backButton'
listenerFuncBackButtonListener

Returns: Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Since: 1.0.0


removeAllListeners()

removeAllListeners() => Promise<void>

Remove all native listeners for this plugin

Since: 1.0.0


Interfaces

AppInfo

PropTypeDescriptionSince
namestringThe name of the app.1.0.0
idstringThe identifier of the app. On iOS it's the Bundle Identifier. On Android it's the Application ID1.0.0
buildstringThe build version. On iOS it's the CFBundleVersion. On Android it's the versionCode.1.0.0
versionstringThe app version. On iOS it's the CFBundleShortVersionString. On Android it's package's versionName.1.0.0

AppState

PropTypeDescriptionSince
isActivebooleanWhether the app is active or not.1.0.0

AppLaunchUrl

PropTypeDescriptionSince
urlstringThe url used to open the app.1.0.0

PluginListenerHandle

PropType
remove() => Promise<void>

URLOpenListenerEvent

PropTypeDescriptionSince
urlstringThe URL the app was opened with.1.0.0
iosSourceApplicationanyThe source application opening the app (iOS only) https://developer.apple.com/documentation/uikit/uiapplicationopenurloptionskey/1623128-sourceapplication1.0.0
iosOpenInPlacebooleanWhether the app should open the passed document in-place or must copy it first. https://developer.apple.com/documentation/uikit/uiapplicationopenurloptionskey/1623123-openinplace1.0.0

RestoredListenerEvent

PropTypeDescriptionSince
pluginIdstringThe pluginId this result corresponds to. For example, Camera.1.0.0
methodNamestringThe methodName this result corresponds to. For example, getPhoto1.0.0
dataanyThe result data passed from the plugin. This would be the result you'd expect from normally calling the plugin method. For example, CameraPhoto1.0.0
successbooleanBoolean indicating if the plugin call succeeded.1.0.0
error{ message: string; }If the plugin call didn't succeed, it will contain the error message.1.0.0

BackButtonListenerEvent

PropTypeDescriptionSince
canGoBackbooleanIndicates whether the browser can go back in history. False when the history stack is on the first entry.1.0.0

Type Aliases

StateChangeListener

(state: AppState): void

URLOpenListener

(event: URLOpenListenerEvent): void

RestoredListener

(event: RestoredListenerEvent): void

BackButtonListener

(event: BackButtonListenerEvent): void